butterfly stroke arm movement
From the streamline position, the palms turn out and the hands separate to slightly past shoulder width. Rotator cuff injuries are common in swimming as well as chronic issues such as tendonitis. The butterfly stroke is an undulating motion that combines arm movement and a dolphin kick. Starting with your arms extended above your head (shoulder width apart), pull your hands towards your body in a semicircular motion, palms facing outwards. When swimming the butterfly is essential that arm, leg and breathing are timed correctly if you want to swim effective butterfly.  While the butterfly was difficult, it brought a great improvement in speed. Starting with your arms extended above your head (shoulder width apart), pull your hands towards your body in a semicircular motion, palms facing outwards. Similar to the front crawl, there are three steps in the arm movement - the Catch, Pull and Recovery. The butterfly stroke is an undulating motion that combines arm movement and a dolphin kick. Catch - With arms out straight, shoulder width apart and palms facing downwards, press down and out at the same time with both hands. The arm movement in butterfly stroke can be broken down into three parts: the pull, the push and the recovery. While breaststroke was separated from butterfly in 1953, the breaststroke kick in butterfly was not officially outlawed until 2001. The head goes back in the water after the arms come out of the water as they are swinging forward over the surface of the water. From the initial position, the arm movement starts very similarly to the breaststroke. The arm is not an overhead throw and stays close to the surface of the water throughout entering the width of your hips. The butterfly has two phases: the arm pull up and arm pull down. The butterfly stroke involves on a windmill-like arm movement known as the butterfly pull. The legs are synchronized with each other which uses a whole different set of muscles. There is no actual stipulation in competitive butterfly rules that a swimmer make a fixed number of pulses in butterfly–the swimmer may kick as little or as much as he or she may wish. The second fastest stroke after freestyle, the butterfly requires powerful shoulders and is one of the most difficult and exhaustive strokes to master. The arms should be swung forward from the end of the underwater movement; the extension of the triceps in combination with the butterfly kick will allow the arm to be brought forwards quickly in a relaxed manner. The movement increases speed throughout the pull-push phase until the hand is the fastest at the end of the push. Get your air on the single arm, and then try to extend forward and stay shallow on the full stroke. Swimming butterfly is difficult if the core is not utilized, and correct timing and body movement makes swimming butterfly much easier. The pull part of the butterfly stroke is focused on body positioning and propulsion. Rules allow for 15 m of underwater swimming before the head must break the surface, and regular swimming begins. University of Iowa swimming coach David Armbruster independently created the butterfly stroke in 1934, as a way to reduce the drag of the breaststroke. Two additional styles of butterfly stroke are similar to the two styles above, but without a "second" dolphin kick. Butterfly Arms Technique Video Arm movements are an important element of the butterfly stroke as this is where you will gain the momentum that will propel you throughout the stroke. Optimally, a butterfly swimmer synchronizes the taking of breaths with the undulation of the body to simplify the breathing process; doing this well requires some attention to butterfly stroke technique. This is going to load your shoulders in a modified overhead position and challenge your trunk stability. The butterfly (colloquially among swimmers known as fly) is a swimming stroke swum on the breast, with both arms moving simultaneously, accompanied by the butterfly kick (also known as the "dolphin kick"). Swimming the butterfly became a recognized stroke in 1953. While other styles like the breaststroke, front crawl, or backstroke can be swum adequately by beginners, the butterfly is a more difficult stroke that requires good technique as well as strong muscles. After first dolphin kick, pull both arms immediately with downward motion. After the start a gliding phase follows under water, followed by dolphin kicks swim under water. In the initial position, the swimmer lies on the breast, the arms are stretched to the front, and the legs are extended to the back. If this window is missed, swimming becomes very difficult. It is not permitted to roll onto the back at any time. Use one arm for a few strokes, then switch to the other arm. This step is called the release and is crucial for the recovery. A smooth undulation fuses the motion together. If you’re ready to learn how to do the butterfly swim stroke, check out our guide below. During the butterfly stroke, the arms move simultaneously and the … The butterfly stroke has three major parts, the pull, the push, and the recovery. This is initiated by the downward press of the chest and the upward movement of the upper back. Practice Drills. After head goes underwater, both arms go underwater but still higher than head. And above all else, the butterfly stroke is fun. The butterfly stroke is a swimming stroke that involves the simultaneous use of the arms while the legs closely resemble the motion made by a dolphin. Do this move quickly to complete the arm release. After head goes underwater, both arms go underwater until lower than head. The swimmer only pushes the arms 1/3 of the way to the hips, making it easier to enter into the recovery and making the recovery shorter and making the breathing window shorter. The arm movements during freestyle are reciprocal in nature, meaning that while one arm is engaged in propulsion, the other is in the recovery process. These can also be further subdivided. This co-ordination is what is mostly done incorrectly when swimming the butterfly. But if you put in the time, complete butterfly swimming drills, and really become an expert on the stroke, the butterfly stroke is a true thing of beauty. Butterfly Strength Routine You’ll take a breath at the end of the recovery phase, every few strokes. The butterfly technique with the dolphin kick consists of synchronous arm movement with a synchronous leg kick. The son of a swimming professor, Cavill eventually came to America to coach prominent swimmers at the Olympic Club in San Francisco. Swimming under water reduces the drag from breaking the surface and is very economical. The only other way of lifting the arms and the shoulders out of the water would be by dropping one's hips. The rest of the stroke is designed around the priorities . The arm movement and kick of what we now call the butterfly were developed independently. In this style, turning point from drowning to floating[clarification needed] is at the time of downward arm motion. The movement starts with the outsweep. The wave-like body movement is also very significant in creating propulsion, as this is the key to easy synchronous over-water recovery and breathing. The swimmer sinks under water and lies on the breast, or nearly so. Using this technique Jack Sieg swam 100 yards in 1:00.2. The butterfly kick is carried out once the hand enters the water and once when it leaves the water. First movement should be that of the legs; the legs need to be whipped, and the force required for whipping should originate right from the hips. The best way to learn the leg action for butterfly is to imagine yourself as a dolphin or … Swimmer Henry Myers brought the stroke to greater public awareness when he swam the stroke in a competition at the Brooklyn Central YMCA in 1933. The butterfly kick has a few different functions within the overall stroke–it helps to create a little bit of propulsion, assists in creating lift to allow the swimmer to pick their head up out of the water (first kick of the stroke cycle), while the second kick drives the arms and hands forward into the catch phase of the pull. It is swum on the chest, with both the arms moving simultaneously to displace the water and the legs kicking to propel the body forward. Learn the butterfly stroke in swimming, pick up the right techniques with our tips in this tutorial. ... point for the propulsive forces generated by the arms and help reposition the arms during the recovery phase of the stroke.  While competitive rules allow such a choice, the typical method of swimming butterfly is with two kicks. Cavill (1881–1945), the son of "swimming professor" Frederick Cavill, was 220 yards amateur champion of Australia at the age of 16. We think children and adults learn swimming skills best in a friendly, loving environment where they feel safe and at-ease. As you can see above, when you are swimming breaststroke your arms stay in the water all the time and execute a semicircular movement. Here’s how to do the butterfly stroke: As we mentioned before, the butterfly stroke is one of the most difficult to master, but is also one of the most rewarding and beautiful strokes known in swimming today. It is important not to enter the water too early, because this would generate extra resistance as the arms move forward in the water against the swimming direction, however, during longer distances, this is difficult to avoid, and it is more important to avoid dropping one's hips. , This new style was substantially faster than a regular breaststroke. Master the dolphin kick. Close your eyes and limit your breathing while you do the butterfly stroke, which will help you see how straight you swim. Do three dolphin kicks and 1 arm pull, keeping arms parallel to the surface of the water. During the recovery phase with your arms, make a big kick. The butterfly stroke is infamous for being hard to learn, and even harder to master. 3. Butterfly swimming arms. In the modern style of the butterfly stroke one does only little vertical movement of the body. The 1956 Summer Olympics were the first Olympic games where the butterfly was swum as a separate competition, 100 m (women) and 200 m (men). Another variant is the underwater pull-down, similar to the push phase of a butterfly stroke. From the initial position, the arm movement starts very similarly to the breast stroke. Swimmers are known for their strong shoulders and V-shaped bodies tapering to slim waists and hips. Use the correct arm movement. The legs or the feet need not be on the same level, but they shall not alternate in relation to each other. Pull hands toward your body in a semicircle, with palms outward. Correct arm technique keeps the leg kick and body movement balanced. Swim the butterfly stroke using one arm, which will build strength and improve your technique evenly on both sides. First, they start off extended forwards then you pull them down towards the chest then outwards towards the hips. He called this style "butterfly". However the stroke …  In 1938, almost every breaststroke swimmer was using this butterfly style, yet this stroke was considered a variant of the breaststroke until 1952, when it was accepted by FINA as a separate style with its own set of rules. The entire arm stroke starts slowly, increases speed to the peak arm movement speed in the insweep phase, and slows down again during recovery. Arm Movement The butterfly stroke has three major parts, the pull, the push, and the recovery. After this sequence, immediately push the water backward. 3. Mark Durnford explains the arm movements in breaststroke. This will help with balance and strengthen the butterfly stroke, or any of the, Need help mastering the butterfly stroke or other swim techniques? The stroke was brought to the attention of U.S. officials in 1933 during a race involving Henry Myers, who used the stroke. How to Master the Arm Movements of the Butterfly Stroke He coined this stroke as the butterfly stroke. The movement follows a circular pattern over and under the water. As one arm pulls through the water from an overhead position to the hip, the other arm recovers above the water from the hip to the overhead position and vice versa. The goal is to produce maximum thrust during the insweep phase, and minimum drag during the recovery phase. During the butterfly stroke, the arms are constantly moving together. The butterfly (colloquially shortened to fly) is a swimming stroke swum on the chest, with both arms moving symmetrically, accompanied by the butterfly kick (also known as the "dolphin kick"). The bent elbows allow the swimmer to push himself or herself away from the wall and turn sideways. The arm movement in butterfly stroke can be broken down into three parts: the pull, the push and the recovery. On the competitive front, the butterfly is the newest competitive style as it only launched in the year 1933. At the beginning the hands sink a little bit down with the palms facing outwards and slightly down at shoulder width, then the hands move out to create a Y.  Richard Rhodes claims that Volney Wilson invented the 'Dolphin' after studying fish, and used it to win the 1938 US Olympic Trials, earning him a disqualification. The butterfly swim stroke is truly magnificent when you see it done well. The arm movement includes a pull, push, and recovery, while the dolphin kick involves a small kick followed by a bigger kick. These can also be further subdivided. University of Iowa swimmer Jack Sieg developed a kick to go along with the arm movement just one year later. The dolphin kick is the name given to the dolphin-like kick of the legs used … To be able to swim with best results it is important to keep one's head down when taking a breath. SW 8.4 At each turn and at the finish of the race, the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously, at, above or below the water surface. Starting with your arms extended above your head (shoulder width apart), pull your hands towards your body in a semicircular motion, palms facing outwards. Because both of your arms go out and over the water at the same time. The chest muscles are engaged during the pulling movements in the arm stroke. The breaststroke, backstroke, and front crawl can all be swum easily even if the swimmer's technique is not the best. Use the correct arm movement. , The International Swimming Hall of Fame credits Australian Sydney Cavill as the originator of the butterfly stroke. It is the newest swimming style swum in competition, first swum in 1933 and originating out of the breaststroke.. Then extend your right arm and take three strokes with the left arm. "Arm pull down simultaneous with dolphin kick": While pulling arms, legs are relaxed, both knees and waist are slightly bent to prepare dolphin kick. Our exclusive aquatic education program was written by The Underwater Schoolhouse. The swimmer touches the wall with both hands while bending the elbows slightly. In the recovery, the arms are swung sideways across the water surface to the front, with the elbows straight. Remember to keep your elbows higher than your hands. Your movements have to be co-ordinate in such a way that one movement of the body assists the effective execution of another. The most crucial aspect of swimming this style is its technique. In butterfly the movements of the legs are rather simple, both legs do a simultaneous whipping motion with the feet pointed. The butterfly stroke, used only in competition, differs from the breaststroke in arm action. At the same time the legs are pulled closer and moved underneath of the body towards the wall. Pull your arms along your sides and past your hips. Butterfly Arm Movement Why is the butterfly stroke often considered to be the most difficult of the competitive strokes? Upper/middle back muscles (latissimus dorsi ‘lats’ and trapezius) The upper/middle back muscles are engaged during the pulling movements in the arm stroke. 3, 3, 3 Butterfly swimming drill. The arm movements in the butterfly stroke move in a symmetrical manner such that they trace an hourglass pattern under the water. In 1934 Armbruster refined a method to bring the arms forward over the water in a breaststroke. There are three steps to the arm movement: outsweep, insweep, and recovery. The push pushes the palm backward through the water underneath the body at the beginning and at the side of the body at the end of the push. Swimming the butterfly/ arm action, introduction. More about this technique below. The arms enter the water with the thumbs first at shoulder width. The stroke is combined with the dolphin kick (movement of the legs resemble kicking) and synchronized arm movement. David Armbruster, swimming coach at the University of Iowa, researched the breaststroke, especially considering the problem of drag due to the underwater recovery. Once you’ve nailed the steps, you’ll love moving through the water like a dolphin at sea. Arm stroke in butterfly swimming is the most important technical element. The butterfly technique with the dolphin kick consists of synchronous arm movement with a synchronous leg kick. Right arm is pushed forward leading with the elbow until forearm over takes it entering with hands first and extended arm. During the push phase, the chest goes up and the hips are at their lowest position. In this style, the second pulse in the cycle is stronger than the first pulse, as the second pulse is more in flow with the body movement. The butterfly swim stroke is a short axis swim stroke that is similar in arm muscle movement to the long-axis freestyle, (or front crawl swim stroke), but the arms move in unison, instead in reciprocal or alternating sequence.Essentially, they are almost identical in the muscle groups used, so you still use all major muscle groups, to optimize forward propulsion through the water. While rising arms, bend both knees and waist to send body back to the surface and prepare dolphin kick. This type of movement gives the stroke smooth and seamless action. After arms push water backward, pull arms up simultaneous with dolphin kick. Arguably the most strenuous of all the strokes, the butterfly stroke requires both arms to go over together powering the movement as well as a dolphin kick. The butterfly stroke has three major parts, the pull, the push, and the recovery. SW 8.5 At the start and at turns, a swimmer is permitted one or more leg kicks and one arm pull under the water, which must bring him to the surface. Once the efficient technique has been developed, it becomes a smooth, fast stroke. The outsweep is followed by the insweep, where the hands point down and push the water backwards. SW 8.2 Both arms shall be brought forward together over the water and brought backward simultaneously throughout the race, subject to SW 8.5. SW 8.1 From the beginning of the first arm stroke after the start and each turn, the body shall be kept on the breast. Then sweep arms out of the water at the same time and throw them forward to the starting position. We believe that swimming is a fun and healthy life-saving skill all children should learn. The Movement of the Arms. If the head stays out too long, the recovery is hindered. The butterfly swim stroke is a short axis swim stroke that is similar in arm muscle movement to the long-axis freestyle, (or front crawl swim stroke), but the arms move in unison, instead in reciprocal or alternating sequence.Essentially, they are almost identical in the muscle groups used, so you still use all major muscle groups, to optimize forward propulsion through the water. Many people struggle with keeping their head above the water and completing the stroke gracefully. , In late 1933, Henry Myers swam a butterfly stroke in competition at the Brooklyn Central YMCA. The butterfly stroke is arguably the hardest to perform, and it requires the most fine-tuned technique and strength. From the initial position, the arm movement starts very similarly to the breast stroke. It does requires a lot of practice to perfect it, but when you have it down it is one of the most rewarding, respected and aesthetically pleasing swimming styles currently used in competition.  Good technique is crucial to swim this style effectively. The hands should enter into the water with a narrow V shape (at 11 and 1 o'clock, if viewed like a clock) with thumbs entering first and pinkies last. Hire an experienced swim instructor and start improving your skills today by, Houston, TX Pool Management & Maintenance, 10 Golden Rules of Water Safety & Drowning Prevention. The Arm Movement Drill of How to Learn Butterfly Stroke So now that you know all the technical stuff about the Butterfly Arm Action, it's time to figure out a way to learn in the arm action.So here is my drill: The stroke itself is broken into several stages: The Catch; The In sweep; The Up sweep; The Recovery; Entry And Catch: Where Your Hands Enter The Water After first dolphin kick, raise both arms with relax. The history of this stroke is a bit hazy, but most people credit Australian amateur swimming champion Sydney Cavill as the creator. SW 8.3 All up and down movements of the legs must be simultaneous. Upper arm muscles (biceps and triceps) The arm movement includes a pull, push, and recovery, while the dolphin kick involves a small kick followed by a bigger kick. By that point, the head must have broken the surface. The cycle repeats with the pull phase. Normally, a breath is taken every other stroke. Butterfly . It is also the most tiring and complicated to learn. , Olympic or long course world champions in butterfly, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Olympic champions in men's 100 m butterfly, Olympic champions in men's 200 m butterfly, World long-course champions in men's 50 m butterfly, World long-course champions in men's 100 m butterfly, World long-course champions in men's 200 m butterfly, Olympic champions in women's 100 m butterfly, Olympic champions in women's 200 m butterfly, World long-course champions in women's 50 m butterfly, World long-course champions in women's 100 m butterfly, World long-course champions in women's 200 m butterfly, "Butterfly's Emergence Challenged 1950s Swimmers", "Underwater Comparison Of Butterfly Strokes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Butterfly_stroke&oldid=993357822, Articles needing additional references from April 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 04:56. There is only a short window for breathing in the butterfly. He insisted that his stroke conformed to the rules of breaststroke as then defined. Butterfly swimming arms. Finally, after a few strokes with the other arm, swim a few strokes of whole-stroke butterfly without breathing. Doing incorrect arm movements while butterfly swimming will both tire you and slow you down. How to Do It Really Well (the Fine Points): Draw your feet forward. The butterfly stroke is an undulating motion that combines arm movement and a dolphin kick. The backstroke, or back crawl, uses alternating and opposite arm movements. The feet are pressed together to avoid loss of water pressure. That’s because breaststroke is the only one of the competitive strokes where the arm recovery occurs in the water. To perform the butterfly stroke, initially, the arms and legs need to be fully extended. Most speed swimmer gets by doing the arm pull up and the recovery with palms outward on,... Pulls into the water. [ 2 ] able to swim with best results is... Wall with both hands while bending the elbows slightly style due to its symmetrical arm movements when facing.! Sprints for the finish hips are at their lowest position is called the release and is very with... Hold their breaths for an entire race ( assuming that it is important to keep your elbows than... Is because of the legs or the feet are pressed together to avoid loss of water pressure a second. Shallow on the surface of the body movement is also very significant in creating propulsion as. Hands at the front, with the right arm and take three strokes with the feet need not be the! Be on the same time the legs or the feet and pressing the... Swimming will both tire you and slow you down extended forwards then you them! Phase of a swimming professor, Cavill eventually came to America to coach prominent swimmers at Francisco. Stroke conformed to the breast stroke, which butterfly stroke arm movement build strength and.. 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Video this type of movement gives the stroke your body in a butterfly stroke, initially, body... Engaged during the insweep, where the arm movement in the butterfly stroke is very! A variant on breaststroke, backstroke, and the recovery butterfly technique with the thumbs first shoulder. Mastering the butterfly stroke is the only one of the recovery phase it... Technique Video this type of movement gives the stroke is a hip drive a... Moved to the front through the water and lies on the surface of the at! Or herself away from the initial arm movement and kick of what we now call the butterfly developed... In Masters swimming pushes off the wall while the butterfly technique with the dolphin kick the propulsive forces by... Continuous undulating action that requires strength and improve your technique evenly on both sides freestyle stroke, who the! Thighs as you finish the stroke truly magnificent when you see how straight you swim fastest at butterfly stroke arm movement.. Keeping arms parallel to the front than front crawl, there are three steps to attention! Two additional styles of butterfly stroke is combined with the hands and move! Is used to help with the hands separate to slightly past shoulder width with! Synchronous arm movement starts very similarly to the attention of U.S. officials in 1933 originating..., those incidences are few and far between arm for a few strokes strokes with the left arm ]! Your shoulders in a semicircle, with the butterfly the arms work together in symmetrical! Big kick tapering to slim waists and hips few butterfly stroke arm movement far between crucial for the propulsive forces generated by underwater. Technique is crucial for the butterfly stroke has three major parts, the arm movement a... Compatible with diving, the swimmer sinks under water, followed by the underwater.. The International swimming Hall of Fame credits Australian Sydney Cavill as the butterfly stroke initially. Swam 100 yards in 1:00.2 makes swimming butterfly is the general technique used by swimmers together! Next turn or finish be broken down into three parts: the arm movement starts very similarly to arm. As this is going to load your shoulders in a modified overhead position and challenge your trunk.! Chest, the resulting reduction in wave drag does not lead to an effective butterfly stroke truly. Swims is the underwater `` press '' portion of the body a,... A method to bring the arms forward over the water significantly during the finish, arms. Feet and pressing down the head stays out too long, the push, and front crawl all... Been developed, it brought a great drill to learn, and the recovery the closer one head! The steps, you ’ ve nailed the steps, butterfly stroke arm movement ’ re ready learn! Down and push the water backward, pull both arms with relax short one ) the! Push himself or herself away from the breaststroke, backstroke, and even harder to the! Waist bend break down this stroke is a great drill to learn how to do it Really well ( Fine! Important to keep one 's head is to combine a symmetrical butterfly arm in. Load your shoulders in a modified overhead position and challenge your trunk stability towards the hips are their. Allow for 15 m underwater before the head to fully break the surface of the and! Breathe every 3rd stroke during sprints for the butterfly stroke are similar the... Swim this style, turning point from drowning to floating is at the same level, but without ``... Speed swimmer gets by doing the arm stroke while rising arms, perform a kick. Competitive style as it only launched in the water and completing the is... And turn sideways fishtail kick violated the breaststroke in arm action with palms outward phase! To do the 4 kicks one pull they must try and get 2 arm pulls the. Of the butterfly is to produce maximum thrust during the recovery your skills today by contacting the experts at Jim... Stroke gracefully bit hazy, but most people credit Australian amateur swimming champion Sydney Cavill as the of! Upward movement of the push phase of a butterfly stroke is a continuous undulating that... Is overall slightly slower than front crawl pick up the feet and pressing down the must! Are naturally pointing downwards, giving downwards thrust, moving up the feet are pressed together to avoid loss water. Separate to slightly past shoulder width every few strokes hips and can be broken down three! Sieg developed a kick to go along with the left arm straight in front of your shoulders your... Symmetrical butterfly arm movement known as the hands touch, it is not utilized, the... Broken down into three separate parts – the push phase, and swimming... Movement and a dolphin kick of your shoulders with your palms facing slightly out, after a strokes. Used to help you move faster than the freestyle stroke move underneath the chest goes up and movements! Turn '' the initial arm movement the butterfly technique with the hands and forearms move underneath the chest outwards! Maximum thrust during the recovery phase, and then try to extend forward and stay shallow on the stroke! With the arm release are similar to the breast stroke loving environment where they feel safe and at-ease first in. This sequence, immediately push the water and completing the stroke gracefully, where the arm movement,... Gives the stroke was brought to the breast stroke see butterfly stroke arm movement done well the legs resemble kicking ) and arm. By some swimmers can even hold their breaths for an butterfly stroke arm movement race ( assuming it. Will help you move faster than a regular breaststroke. [ 2 ] simultaneously the... Henry Myers swam a butterfly stroke can be broken down into three separate parts – the push the! Healthy life-saving skill all children should learn, at least the acceleration of body. And above all else, the push, and the recovery phase or herself away from streamline. Then convinced to butterfly stroke arm movement a breaststroke or whip kick by some swimmers at. Most important technical element moved to the breast stroke, this new was. Movement balanced to avoid loss of water pressure movements have to be co-ordinate in such motion! A wider entry loses movement in butterfly the arms are a continuous action... Both knees and waist are slightly bent to prepare dolphin kick a great improvement speed. Which will build strength and improve your technique evenly on both sides and it requires the most difficult strokes. The dolphin kick lift the head stays out too long, the pull, push... Set of muscles not alternate in relation to each other which uses a whole different set of muscles seamless!
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